National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 unveiled National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015 in New Delhi. It is the first such policy on entrepreneurship since independence and is intended to replace the National Policy on Skill Development 2009.
Vision
To create an ecosystem of empowerment by Skilling on a large Scale at Speed with high Standards and to promote a culture of innovation based entrepreneurship which can generate wealth and employment so as to ensure Sustainable livelihoods for all citizens in the country.
 Mission
 The mission is to­ Create a demand for skilling across the country; Correct and align skilling with required competencies; Connect the supply of skilled human resources with sectoral demands; Certify and assess in alignment with global and national standards; and Catalyse an ecosystem wherein productive and innovative entrepreneurship germinates, sustains and grows leading to creation of a more dynamic entrepreneurial economy and more formal wage employment.
Objectives The core objective of the Policy is to empower the individual, by enabling her/him to  realize  their  full  potential  through  a  process  of  lifelong  learning  where  competencies  are  accumulated via instruments such as credible certifications, credit accumulation and transfer,  etc.  As  individuals  grow,  the  society  and  nation  also  benefit  from  their  productivity  and  growth. 
This will involve:
-Make  quality  vocational  training  aspirational for  both  youth  and  employers  whereby  youth sees it as a matter of choice and employer acknowledges the productivity linked  to skilled workforce by paying the requisite premium.
-Ensure both vertical and horizontal pathways to skilled workforce for further growth by  providing seamless integration of skill training with formal education.
-Focus on an outcome­based approach towards quality skilling that on one hand results  in increased employability and better livelihoods for individuals, and on the other hand  translates into improved productivity across primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. 
Increase  the  capacity  and  quality  of  training  infrastructure  and  trainers  to  ensure  equitable and easy access to every citizen.
-Address  human  resource  needs  by  aligning  supply  of  skilled  workers  with  sectoral  requirements  of  industry  and  the  country’s  strategic  priorities  including  flagship  programmes like Make in India.
-Establish an IT based information system for aggregating demand and supply of skilled  workforce which can help in matching and connecting supply with demand.
-Promote  national  standards  in  the  skilling  space  through  active  involvement  of  employers  in  setting  occupational  standards,  helping  develop  curriculum,  providing  apprenticeship  opportunities,  participating  in  assessments,  and  providing  gainful  employment to skilled workforce with adequate compensation.
- Operationalize a well­defined quality assurance framework  aligned with global standards to facilitate mobility of labour.
-Leverage modern technology to ensure scale, access and outreach, in addition to ease of  delivering content and monitoring results.
 -Recognise the value of on­the­job training, by making apprenticeships in actual work  environments an integral part of all skill development efforts.
-Ensure  that  the skilling  needs  of  the socially  and  geographically  disadvantaged  and  marginalized  groups (like  the  SCs,  STs,  OBCs,  minorities,  differently  abled  persons  etc.) are appropriately taken care of.
-Promote  increased  participation  of  women  in  the  workforce  through  appropriate  skilling and gender mainstreaming of training. 
-Promote  commitment  and  ownership  of  all  stakeholders  towards skill development and create an effective coordination mechanism.

Core objective of the entrepreneurship framework 
 The core objective of the entrepreneurship framework is to coordinate and strengthen factors essential for growth of entrepreneurship across the country. 
This would include:
 i. Promote entrepreneurship culture and make it aspirational
 ii. Encourage entrepreneurship as a viable career option through advocacy iii.Enhance support for potential entrepreneurs through mentorship and networks iv.Integrate entrepreneurship education in the formal education system
 v. Foster  innovation­driven  and  social  entrepreneurship  to  address  the  needs  of  the  population at the ‘bottom of the pyramid’
 vi.Ensure ease of doing business by reducing entry and exit barriers
 vii. Facilitate  access  to  finance  through  credit  and  market  linkages
 viii. Promote entrepreneurship amongst women 
 ix.Broaden the base of entrepreneurial supply by meeting specific needs of both socially  and  geographically  disadvantaged sections  of  the society  including  SCs,  STs, OBCs,  minorities, differently­abled persons


Friday, 04th Dec 2015, 09:32:14 AM

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